Author Guidelines

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Submit your manuscript online:


Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that the work has not been published before, is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has been read and approved by all authors. The submission of the manuscript by the authors means that the authors automatically agree to assign exclusive copyright to the journal if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication.

iThenticateBefore review, all manuscripts submitted to Nordic Journal of Botany are checked with the iThenticate software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text. To find out more about iThenticate and CrossCheck visit

After submitting your manuscript you will receive a receipt with a tracking number. Please refer to this number in all correspondence with the Editorial Office.

This work shall not be published elsewhere in any language without the written consent of the journal. The articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, which covers translation rights and the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute all of the articles printed in the journal. No material published in the journal may be stored on microfilm or videocassettes or in electronic databases and the like or reproduced photographically without the prior written permission of the journal.

Manuscripts are submitted to reviewers for evaluation of their significance and soundness. Authors will generally be notified of acceptance, rejection, or need for revision within three months. Decisions of the editor are final.

Manuscripts are edited to improve communication between author and reader.

Authors will receive electronic proofs via e-mail, together with the original manuscript and a copyright-form. Correct only printer's mistakes. You may be charged for excessive corrections beyond such mistakes.

Authors will receive a locked PDF file to use at their discretion. No offprints will be supplied. 

There are no page charges. 


Statement on authorship. Papers should conform to recommendations for authorship provided by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (the Vancouver Group; see That is, authorship of a paper carries with it responsibility as well as credit. All those whose names appear as authors should have played a significant role in designing or carrying out the research, writing the manuscript, or providing extensive guidance to the execution of the project. They should be able to present and defend the work in a public forum. Honorary authorship is to be avoided. All authors must be in agreement on both the submission and full content of any article carrying their name. Any violation of these conditions represents academic misconduct and will be dealt with accordingly.

Data deposition and vouchers

Authors are encouraged to make the original data on which their publications are based openly available by submitting the data to a public archive such as the Dryad repository at Genetic sequence data have to be submitted to a openly available archive such as the NCBI GeneBank  prior to publication. For all manuscripts in which the correct taxonomic identification of the study organisms is essential for the interpretation of the results voucher specimens should be archived in a registered public herbarium.

Guidelines for manuscript preparation

Manuscripts can only be submitted online at:  and should preferably be submitted as separate text and figure files. Preferred file formats for the main document, including tables and figure legends is .doc or .docx. Pdf-files are accepted during the review process but a doc file is required should the manuscript be accepted. Preferred formats for figure files are: .eps .tif or high-resolution .jpeg

Please avoid submitting LaTex files.


Manuscripts should be in English. Linguistic usage should be correct. Avoid the use of the passive voice. Avoid extensive reviews in the Introduction and Discussion. Cite only essential sources of a theory or opinion. Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission. We recommend using the service All services are to be arranged and paid for by the author, and use of a language editing service does not guarantee acceptance.


The title should be brief and contain words useful for indexing and information retrieval.


The first page should contain only the title and the author's name, address, fax and email-address. Page two contains the abstract, in which the main results of the work should be summarized. The abstract should not contain more than 300 words. Begin the introduction on page three. Avoid right margin justification and hyphenation. Double-check the contents of your manuscript before submitting. Only printer's mistakes in proofs will be changed free of charge. Avoid use of capitals, bold face and foot-notes in the text. Hierarchy of paragraphs should be indicated. Only scientific plant names, Latin diagnoses and longer quotes in Latin should be italizied, not phrases of Latin origin that have been incorporated into scientific English (like et al., per se, ad libitum etc).

Manuscripts must be written in English. All text, including tables, figure captions and reference list should be double spaced, with line and page numbers. Manuscripts should follow The Chicago Manual of Style and The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers.


Figures should be planned to appear with a maximum final width of 8 cm (single-column), 12.5 cm (1.5 column) or 16.6 cm (double-column).  The font used in figures should be either Helvetica or Arial. Letters, numbers and symbols must appear clearly but not oversized. A suitable final size for lettering is 1-2 mm at reproduction size. One uniform size throughout is generally recommended. Avoid complicated symbols or patterns. Use open and closed circles, squares and triangles; open, striped and closed bars in histograms. Each figure should be boxed in and scale marks (turning inwards) provided. Lines should be clear, but not thick and heavy. Plan your illustrations for the smallest size possible (one column). All illustrations should bear author's name. Legends of illustrations should be written double-spaced on separate sheets. Do not incorporate the legend in the figure itself. Illustrations should be comprehensible without reference to the text. Do not use italic lettering. Illustrations should be submitted with as high resolution as possible, preferably in TIFF-format or as high-resolution PDF’s. Be sure that the lettering is clear and readable, even if the figure is de-sized. Colour figures are published free of charge online.  If your files do not follow these guidelines your paper will be returned to you.

Please submit figures as separate TIFF files or non-rasterised EPS files if possible. JPEG and PDF files are acceptable if they are of high resolution, make sure too zoom in to confirm this. Detailed information on digital illustration standards can be found at


Should be included at separate pages and double-spaced. Tables should be comprehensible without reference to the text. 


Use SI units as far as possible.


Dichotomous keys are preferred, and each couplet should be noted by a number as in this example:
1 Inflorescence lax, paniculate; stem subterete; leaves flat ................................................................................ 2
– Inflorescence dense; stem and leaves externally very similar ......................................................................... 3
2 Flowers mauve .................................................................................................................................15. B. lilacina
– Flowers yellow ............................................................................................................................ 14. B. paniculata


Scientific plant Latin names must be used in strict accordance with the current International Code for Nomenclature of algae, fungi and plants (formerly the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature), including all amendments as from 1 Jan 2012. In taxonomic studies, authors for all names of taxa should be provided as standardized by the International Plant Names Index

Diagnoses and descriptions of new taxa

Validating diagnoses and descriptions may be written in English or Latin as stipulated by the the International Code for Nomenclature of algae, fungi and plants. A format with a short diagnosis including only those characters essential for the identification of the taxon followed by a full morphological description is preferred. Descriptions of new taxa of fungi to be published after 1 Jan 2013 have to include an identifier issued by a recognised repository such as MycoBank.

Type material

Nomenclatural types should be referred to with appropriate terminology in accordance with the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. Provide bibliographic references for lectotypifications, neotypifications and epitypifications, when appropriate.

Herbarium acronyms

Registered public herbaria should be referred to by the acronyms included in Index Herbariorum. Herbaria not included in Index Herbariorum should be referred to by their full name

Strict nomenclatural accounts

Arrange synonyms in groups of nomenclatural and taxonomic synonyms, and place these chronologically after basionyms, irrespective of their rank. Use only one citation principle throughout. Avoid’=’ and similar non-verbal denotations to indicate different kinds of synonyms. Please follow this example as far as possible (and include the cited works in the list of references as examplified for Hooker, Grateloup and Agardh):

Dasya ocellata (Grateloup) Harvey, in Hooker (1833 p. 335).
Basionym: Ceramium ocellatum Grateloup (1806 sine pag.).
Based on the same type: Hutchinsia ocellata (Grateloup) C. Agardh (1824 p. 167) – Dasya simpliciuscula C. Agardh (1828 p. 122), nom. illeg. superfl.
Type: “LD 43847. Unlocalized, undated Grateloup specimen” (lectotype, designated by Maggs and Hommersand (1993 p. 415).

Taxonomic synonym: Alga nonexista Harmaja (2008 p. 2), non Uotila (2000 p. 14). 
Type: Finland. Helsinki: Kaisaniemi, small pond, 25 June 1998, E. Reinikka 451 (H 43667) (neotype, designated here).

References in nomenclatural accounts

 Full and direct citations should only be used when needed to fulfill the requirements for valid publication of new names, and also such references should be included in list of references. In all other cases, only author, year and page number (if considered appropriate) should be given, i.e. ”Larix sibirica Ledeb. (1833 p. 204)” or ”Larix sibirica Ledeb. (1833)” and NOT ”Larix sibirica Ledeb., Flora Altaica 4: 204. 1833”.

Index to scientific names

In larger taxonomic works, an index to scientific names should be provided.


Please refer to a recent issue of Nordic Journal of Botany when making the reference list. If a reference manager software is used, make sure to double-check the references and the reference list before you submit your manuscript. The reference list should be double spaced and arranged alphabetically on authors' names and chronologically per author. If the author's name is also mentioned with co-authors, then publications of the single author, arranged chronologically should be given first, then publications of the same author with one co-author, arranged chronologically. Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed as 2014a, 2014b, etc. Do not refer to unpublished material.

Titles of journals should be abbreviated following Biological Abstracts.

In the text references are given as Mayr (1963) or, at the end of a sentence, (Mayr 1963). In the list of references (double-spaced), the following usage should be conformed to:

Journal:Haila, Y. and Järvinen, O. 1983. Land bird communities on a Finnish island: species impoverishment and abundance patterns. – Oikos 41: 255-273.

Book:Mayr, E. 1963. Animal species and evolution. – Harvard Univ. Press.

Chapter: Goodall, D. W. 1972. Building and testing ecosystem models. – In: Jeffers, J. N. R. (ed.), Mathematical models in ecology. Blackwell, pp. 173-194.

Titles of journals should be abbreviated following Biological Abstracts. If in doubt, give the title in full. Do not refer to unpublished material.

Web-based references should be cited as: <>, accessed 4 February 2014.

The reference list should be arranged alphabetically on authors' names and chronologically per author. If the author's name is also mentioned with co-authors the following order should be used: publications of the single author, arranged chronologically - publications of the same author with one co-author, arranged chronologically - publications of the author with more than one co-author, arranged chronologically. Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed as 2004a, 2004b, etc.

If more than three authors, in the text:
Lindsay, A. et al. (2000) or (Lindsay et al. 2000). 

Excessive use of references causes unnecessarily long articles. To avoid excessive use of references, use only the most relevant. As a rule, avoid using more than 50 references in a regular research paper. Reference lists not conforming to this format will be returned for revision.


Keep them short.


Appendices: Supplementary material may be posted as electronic appendices on the journal's appendix site.

Supplementary material must follow the guidelines given here.


Authors are recommended to follow the guidelines set out in: O'Connor, M. 1991. Writing successfully in science. - Harper Collins Academic, London,and to examine the latest issues of NJB.

After acceptance

Average time from acceptance to online publication is around 3 months

Authors will receive electronic proofs via e-mail, together with the Exclusive License Form (ELF).

Exclusive Licence Form. Authors will be required to sign the Exclusive Licence Form (ELF) for all papers accepted for publication. Signature of the ELF is a condition of publication and papers will not be passed to the publisher for production unless a signed form has been uploaded to ManuscriptCentral together with author corrections to the proofs. Please note that signature of the Exclusive Licence Form does not affect ownership of copyright in the material. (US government employees need to complete the Author Warranty sections, although copyright in such cases does not need to be assigned). After publication authors will retain the right to publish their paper in various media/circumstances (please see the form for further details).

No offprints will be supplied. Instead the corresponding authors will receive a PDF file to use at their discretion.

The articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, which covers translation rights and the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute all of the articles printed in the journal. No material published in the journal may be stored on microfilm or videocassettes or in electronic databases and the like or reproduced photographically without the prior written permission of the journal.

OnlineOpen is available to authors who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see here:

Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at:

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.