Author guidelines

Quick Checklist

To make the submission process easier, we differentiate between initial and revised submissions. Initial submissions can be in any file format providing they adhere to the following requirements:

  • Single column, double line spaced, with page- and line-numbers.
  • The manuscript file should contain the following elements: Abstract, Keywords,  Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Declarations, References, Figures and Tables with captions.
  • Make sure that no author information is present in the manuscript file, as we are using double-blind peer review. Upload a separate title-page with title, author information, abstract and key-words, which will not be included in the review process. If parts of Declarations contain author information, this part should be moved from the manuscript to the extra Title Page.
  • Make sure all references are complete and correct. Also make sure all references cited in the text are listed in the reference list and vice versa!
  • Check the PDF generated by S1M that equations and text and all files are correct and complete before submission.
  • Statement of where you intend to archive your data. 

Nordic Journal of Botany has the following manuscript categories:

Research papers - Research papers report original research in all fields of botany, mycology and plant ecology and should aim at a readership from a wide range of botanical and plant ecological disciplines. 

Short standard papersShort standard papers report original research, in a short format (up to 4 pages), in all fields of botany, mycology and plant ecology and should aim at a readership from a wide range of botanical and plant ecological disciplines. 

Reviews Review papers are commissioned by either direct invitation from the Review Editor, Jens-Christian Svenning (in consultation with the EiC and board), or via unsolicited proposals. Review papers should provide an overview of an area in botany, mycology or plant ecology. For examples, see invited review papers in NJB vol. 30-31.

MethodsMethod papers are welcomed, and should provide a description of novel applications or methods in botany, mycology or plant ecology.

IdeaThe format for Ideas papers can be short notes to bring attention to new ideas, or interpretations or evaluations of fields in botany and mycology in its widest sense. Ideas papers could also offer new ways of interpreting existing data.

Forum Nordic Journal of Botany Forum section is aimed for conceptual papers. Forum papers are an arena for discussing current botanical, mycological and plant ecological issues by revising established concepts and for developing new theory to promote novel research. Purely speculative pieces are discouraged. Where uncertainties, problems, or debates in current theory are identified, authors are strongly encouraged to, wherever possible, highlight productive and positive lines of research that may resolve the issue. For Forum manuscripts, send a proposal to the Editor-in-Chief Torbjörn Tyler and the Deputy Editor-in-Chief Stefan Andersson who will evaluate them (in consultation with the board). Proposals should be no more than half a page in length and should include statements about the novelty and need for the piece. Proposals should be sent to //njb [at] oikosoffice [dot] lu [dot] se">njb [at] oikosoffice [dot] lu [dot] se.

Meeting initiativesFlora initiatives, meeting initiatives or other initiated larger projects in botany or mycology can be described in this manuscript category. It should be clear what the aim and supposed outcome of the initiative is.

Flora checklistsNordic Journal of Botany is an outlet for publishing newly described species. As new species are added, species checklists need to be established, or existing checklists be revised. NJB Checklists is the manuscript category to publish new or updated Flora checklists.

Data papersNordic Journal of Botany offers the opportunity to publish data papers of botanical or plant ecological studies. Data need to be comprehensibly assembled and explained.


All manuscripts must be submitted at
You are welcome to submit your manuscript in any technical format. High-resolution files are not required for initial submission. Make sure that your manuscript is blinded for author information.

There are no page charges for publishing in Nordic Journal of Botany.

You will receive a receipt with a manuscript ID. Please refer to this ID in all correspondence with the Editorial Office.

Revised submission
When submitting a revised manuscript, authors must provide publication-ready source files. The main manuscript file should be provided as word processor files (e.g., .doc, .docx, .odt, .rtf) with high resolution figures submitted as separate files. At this time, we require that you follow carefully our instructions on formatting. Guidelines for submitting source files are provided below. Only one manuscript text file should be submitted. The text file should include tables and figure legends. Figures and Appendices with supplementary material should be uploaded separately. The text file should include track-changes and you may upload an additional “clean version” without track-changes, as “additional file for review but not for publication”.

Manuscripts should be in British or American English. Be consistent throughout the manuscript. Linguistic usage should be correct. Avoid the use of the passive voice. Avoid extensive reviews in the Introduction and Discussion. Cite only essential sources of a theory or opinion. 

The title should be concise, informative and comprehensible to a broad scientific audience. Where possible, it should be a statement of the main result or conclusion presented in the manuscript. When formulating a title you should bear in mind both human readers and search engines; including keywords in your title, for example, can help readers discover your article online. Do not include specialist abbreviations in your title. The title should be brief and contain words useful for indexing and information retrieval. 

The first page should contain only the title. Page two contains the abstract, in which the main results of the work should be summarised. The abstract should contain less than 300 words. Begin the introduction on page three. Avoid right margin justification and hyphenation. Double-check the contents of your manuscript before submitting. Add page- and line-numbers to the text.

Use SI units as far as possible. 


Binomial scientific plant names should be used in accordance with the International Code for Nomenclature of algae, fungi and plants. Scientific plant names must be used in strict accordance with the current International Code for Nomenclature of algae, fungi and plants. In taxonomic studies, authors for all names of taxa should be provided as standardized by the International Plant Names Index


Dichotomous keys are preferred, and each couplet should be noted by a number as in this example:
1 Inflorescence lax, paniculate; stem subterete; leaves flat…………………………………………………… 2
– Inflorescence dense; stem and leaves externally very similar………………………………………………. 3
2 Flowers mauve ..................................................................................................................... 15B. lilacina
– Flowers yellow.......................................................................................…….................... 14B. paniculata


Validating diagnoses and descriptions may be written in English or Latin as stipulated by the the International Code for Nomenclature of algae, fungi and plants. A format with a short diagnosis including only those characters essential for the identification of the taxon followed by a full morphological description is preferred. Descriptions of new taxa of fungi have to include an identifier issued by a recognised repository such as MycoBank.


Nomenclatural types should be referred to with appropriate terminology in accordance with the International Code for Nomenclature of algae, fungi and plants. Provide bibliographic references for lectotypifications, neotypifications and epitypifications, when appropriate.


Registered public herbaria should be referred to by the acronyms included in Index Herbariorum. Herbaria not included in Index Herbariorum should be referred to by their full name


Arrange synonyms in groups of nomenclatural and taxonomic synonyms, and place these chronologically after basionyms, irrespective of their rank. Use only one citation principle throughout. Avoid ’=’ and similar non-verbal denotations to indicate different kinds of synonyms. Please follow this example as far as possible (and include the cited works in the list of references as examplified for Hooker, Grateloup and Agardh):

Dasya ocellata (Grateloup) Harvey, in Hooker (1833 p. 335).
Basionym: Ceramium ocellatum Grateloup (1806 sine pag.).
Based on the same type: Hutchinsia ocellata (Grateloup) C. Agardh (1824 p. 167). – Dasya simpliciuscula C. Agardh (1828 p. 122), nom. illeg. superfl.
Type: “LD 43847. Unlocalized, undated Grateloup specimen” (lectotype, designated by Maggs and Hommersand (1993 p. 415).

Taxonomic synonym: Alga nonexista Harmaja (2008 p. 2), non Uotila (2000 p. 14). 
Type: Finland. Helsinki: Kaisaniemi, small pond, 25 June 1998, E. Reinikka 451 (H 43667) (neotype, designated here).


 Full and direct citations should only be used when needed to fulfill the requirements for valid publication of new names, and also such references should be included in the list of references. In all other cases, only author, year and page number (if considered appropriate) should be given, i.e. ”Larix sibirica Ledeb. (1833 p. 204)” or ”Larix sibirica Ledeb. (1833)”, NOT ”Larix sibirica Ledeb., Flora Altaica 4: 204. 1833”.


In larger taxonomic works, an index to scientific names should be provided.


This includes acknowledging persons (authors or not) who have contributed to this paper. Here you can also state any monetary funding you have received or permits you have been granted. See example below.

Acknowledgements – Thanks to Joe Smith for help with the statistics and to Lisa Smith for drawing Figure 1.

Funding – This study was funded by The International Fund for Ecological Research, grant no. 00543.

Author contributions – The first and second author contributed equally to this paper.

Conflicts of interest – John Smith is employed by Ciba-Geigy.

Permit(s) – Permission to handle our study animals was given by the International Society of Mammalogists, no. 000010004. Landowners Patricia and John Smith have kindly given their permission to work on their land.


References must follow the style of the journal. Titles of journals should be abbreviated. Check previous issues of the journal. If in doubt, give the title in full. Do not refer to unpublished material or personal communications. Check that all references in the text are listed in the list of references and that all references listed are cited in the text.


In the main text
References should be listed chronologically: (Smith 1999, Dunn 2000, Nilsson et al. 2017). Do not use semi-colons as separators for the references.

Reference list

The list of references should be arranged alphabetically on authors' names and chronologically per author.
If the author's name is also mentioned with co-authors the following order should be used: publications of the single author, arranged chronologically - publications of the same author with one co-author, arranged chronologically – publications of the author with more than one co-author, arranged chronologically.
Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed as 2004a, 2004b, etc.
All references must be complete, containing author names, year of publication, title, journal title using standard abbreviation, volume, first and last page numbers or article number. For references to in-press articles include a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number.
Reference lists not conforming to this format will be returned for revision.

In the list of references (double-spaced), the following usage should be conformed to:

Journal article
Haila, Y. and Järvinen, O. 1983. Land bird communities on a Finnish island: species impoverishment and abundance patterns. – Oikos 41: 255-273.

Atkinson, C. T. and Samuel, M. D. 2010. Avian malaria Plasmodium relictum in native Hawaiian forest birds: epizootiology and demographic impacts on apapane Himatione sanguinea. – J. Avian Biol. 41: 357–366.

If more than two authors:
Lindsay, A. et al. 2000. Are plant populations seed-limited? A review of seed sowing experiments. – Oikos 88: 225–238.

Mayr, E. 1963. Animal species and evolution. – Harvard Univ. Press.

Goodall, D. W. 1972. Building and testing ecosystem models. – In: Jeffers, J. N. R. (ed.), Mathematical models in ecology. Blackwell, pp. 173–194. 


Tables and legends of illustrations should be written double-spaced on separate sheets. Do not incorporate the legend in the figure itself. Tables and illustration legends should be comprehensible without reference to the text. Do not use italic lettering. 

Our preferred files are vector-images e.g. as: .eps or .pdf

Rasterised (pixelated) files are also welcome but have to follow the specifications below. Can be submitted as: .tif, .jpeg, .pdf and other formats.

All images (but vector-files) must be supplied at 300–600 dpi (print resolution), not 72 dpi (screen resolution). The 300–600 dpi resolution must be generated in the application used to create the image and at approximately the correct size. If your system cannot produce variable output resolutions, the image should be created at a larger size so that the effective resolution is increased when the image is scaled down by us.

Width: 8 cm (single-column), 12.5 cm (1.5 column) or 16.6 cm (double-column).

The quality of a low-resolution figure cannot be improved by simply increasing the resolution in graphics software. To improve the resolution of your figure, you must re-create the figure from the beginning.

Resolution below 300 dpi results in blurred, jagged or pixelated published figures.

The quality of your figures is only as good as the lowest-resolution element placed in them. If you created a 72 dpi line graph and placed it in a 300 dpi .tif, the graph will look blurred, jagged, or pixelated.

On figures, use only common sans-serif fonts, such as Geneva, Helvetica, or Arial. Letters, numbers and symbols must appear clearly but not oversized.

Be consistent throughout the figure with colours, line weights, and styles. Panels within the figure should be designated with lower case letters in parentheses (e.g. (a), (b), (c)...).

You cannot submit individual image-files with a size > 50MB. If larger files are needed, please contact the editorial office (njb [at] oikosoffice [dot] lu [dot] se). Larger files (for example higher resolution) can be provided after acceptance.

Colour figures are most welcome and will be published free of charge.


A Title page including title, the author's name, ORCiD IDs (check carefully), address, and email-address, should be uploaded separately. ORCiD id ( is mandatory for the corresponding author, and strongly recommended for additional authors. 


Supplementary material: Supplementary material may be posted as electronic files on the journal's website, preferably as one single file.

Read important instructions on how we handle Supplementary material

Note: Supplementary material files will not be copy-edited and proofs will not be provided.


Our detailed publication policies can be found in the NSO|OEO Editorial and Publishing policies file []. Our compiled policies cover various topics like conflict of interest, authorship, roles of editors, copyright and license policies.

We will follow recommendations by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

Short summaries of our policies for key issues can be found below. Download the complete set of policies here:

Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that the work has not been published before, is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has been read and approved by all authors. Manuscripts submitted to NSO journals will be checked using anti-plagiarism software provided by iThenticate.

Manuscripts are submitted to reviewers for evaluation of their significance and soundness. Authors will generally be notified of acceptance, rejection, or need for revision within two months. Decisions of the editor are final. 

Manuscripts are submitted to reviewers for evaluation of their significance and soundness. Authors will generally be notified of acceptance, rejection, or need for revision within two months. Decisions of the editor are final. 


Manuscripts should conform to recommendations for authorship provided by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (the Vancouver Group; see That is, authorship of a paper carries with it responsibility as well as credit. All those whose names appear as authors should have played a significant role in designing or carrying out the research, writing the manuscript, or providing extensive guidance to the execution of the project. They should be able to present and defend the work in a public forum. Honorary authorship is to be avoided. All authors must agree on both the submission and full content of any article carrying their name. Any violation of these conditions may represents academic misconduct and will be dealt with accordingly. 


Please make sure you have correctly selected the corresponding author, as it is stated on the manuscript. Note that an ORCiD ID is mandatory for corresponding author and strongly recommended for co-authors.

We accept one corresponding author only.


At submission, you are requested to declare any conflict of interest.


Nordic Journal of Botany assumes authors of a paper have acquired any permits needed for planning and executing the study reported in the paper.

Permits given shall be listed under “Declarations”


Data archiving and registration of sequences –- Nordic Journal of Botany requires authors to deposit the data supporting the results in the paper in an appropriate publically accessible archive, such as e.g. Dryad (, TreeBase, figshare, herbaria or other archives that guarantee preservation and access as well as a permanent identifier of the data (such as e.g. DOI-number or Genbank accession number) for access. The permanent DOI-number from the archive identifier should be provided by the authors or the archive, after acceptance of the paper. Data should normally be made publicly available at the time of publication, but may be postponed for up to one year if the technology of the  archive allows for it. Longer embargoes may be granted in exceptional cases after correspondance with the Editorial Office of Nordic Journal of Botany.  Derived, summary data may also be archived. DNA sequences published in Nordic Journal of Botany should be deposited in the EMBL/GenBank/DDJB Nucleotide Sequence Databases. An accession number for each sequence must be included in the manuscript. The Nordic Journal of Botany submission system is integrated with Dryad and the journal will cover the Data Processing Charge if you decide to deposit your data there.

Here a list of suggested repositories can be found:


Data should be cited both in the text and in the References. When referencing data in the text, put this statement as the last part of Material and methods:

Data available from the Dryad Digital Repository:  Bergeron et al. 2017

In the References:

Bergeron JAC, Pinzon J, Odsen S, Bartels S, Ellen Macdonald S, Spence JR (2017) Data from: Ecosystem memory of wildfires affects resilience of boreal mixedwood biodiversity after retention harvest. Oikos  

 If several data sources are used cite these as 2011a, 2011b etc.


If funding has been received for the study, it shall be listed under “Declaration” in the manuscript and has to be listed during the submission.


Nordic Journal of Botany will consider for review articles previously available as preprints. Authors may also post the submitted version of a manuscript to a preprint server at any time. Authors are requested to update any pre-publication versions with a link to the final published article.





The decision to accept your manuscript for publication will be communicated by the Editor in Chief through email to the corresponding author.

The accepted manuscript will be published on Wiley Online Library prior to copy-editing and proof production. At this stage, a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) will be assigned to your manuscript. The accepted version will eventually be replaced by the final publication.

Manuscripts are edited to improve communication between author and reader. During this process, we may contact the corresponding author to request additional information.

Authors will receive electronic proofs. Correct only printer's mistakes.

No offprints will be supplied. Instead corresponding authors will receive a locked PDF file to the use at their discretion. 



If a paper is accepted for publication, the author identified as the formal corresponding author will receive an email prompting them to log in to Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be required to complete a copyright license agreement on behalf of all authors of the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright agreement, or OnlineOpen under the terms of a Creative Commons License.

General information regarding licensing and copyright is available here. To review the Creative Commons License options offered under OnlineOpen, please click here. (Note that certain funders mandate that a particular type of CC license has to be used; the Wiley Author Compliance Tool, available at, provides assistance to authors in checking for any open-access mandates from their funder(s).)

Open Access

Authors choosing to publish their article in an open-access format through the OnlineOpen service will be charged an Article Publication Charge (APC).  The APC for Nordic Journal of Botany is currently $2000

For more information on our compliance with the open-access policies of specific funders, visit



Nordic Journal of Botany is active on several Social Media channels.

Authors of accepted papers are encouraged to make contributions to blogs, Twitter, Facebook, in form of photos, a popular summary of the study and/or a short video.


We encourage you to contribute to Twitter/Facebook, please send an email to the Managing Editor with a short text (max 140 characters) and a few pictures of for e.g. your study organism, from the field or a good image from your paper. Make sure to include your Twitter-handle if you are active on Twitter. You are welcome to submit infographics. All these will help to promote your paper.

Blog posts

We encourage you to write a blog post about your accepted manuscript. Please send an email to the Managing Editor (njb [at] oikosoffice [dot] lu [dot] se) with a popular scientific text along with some nice pictures of e.g. your study organism, or from the field or a good image from your paper, or any other relevant image that will attract attention to your paper. Please see examples here:

Blog posts are shared on both Twitter and Facebook.

Video abstract

Video abstracts are most welcome


If you would like to suggest an image to be selected as cover, please email the image to the Managing Editor along with a photo credit/description and a signed cc-by form, which allows us to use the image for promotion. Please find examples of covers as well as cover description/photo credit and an explanation of the cc-by form to fill in here (scroll down):


The Managing Editor will provide answers to any questions you might have. Send an email to: //njb [at] oikosoffice [dot] lu [dot] se">njb [at] oikosoffice [dot] lu [dot] se

Fatal error: Class 'FeedsHTTPCache' not found in /home/oikosoff/public_html/sites/all/modules/feeds/feeds.module on line 82