Annotated Checklist of Senegalia and Vachellia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) for the Indian subcontinent

14 December 2018

Deshpande, Anup; Krishnan, S.; Malapati, Janarthanam; Maslin, Bruce

An annotated checklist of Senegalia Raf. and Vachellia Wight & Arn. taxa for the Indian subcontinent is presented following the fragmentation and retypification of the former broadly defined genus Acacia Mill. The countries encompassed by this study include Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. All indigenous species (and a few introductions) in this region belong to Senegalia and Vachellia. All Acacia sens. str. taxa are introduced (principally from Australia) and are not included in the study. There are 22 species of Senegalia (21 indigenous, 1 introduced; representing 23 taxa) and 21 species of Vachellia (12 indigenous, 9 introduced; representing 27 taxa) currently recognized for the subcontinent. The largest country, India, has most species. This checklist complements that which was recently provided for these genera in Southeast Asia and China (Maslin 2015).
Two names formerly recorded for the Indian subcontinent are now excluded, namely, Senegalia intsia (L.) Maslin is a nomen confusum and Acacia pennata subsp. hainanensis (Hayata) I. C. Nielsen is now known to be restricted to southern China and Vietnam. Acacia eriantha Desv. is an unresolved name.
The following new combinations are made herein: Senegalia tanjorensis (Ragup.) A.S.Deshpande & Maslin, Vachellia campbellii (Arn.) A.S.Deshpande, & Maslin and V. pseudowightii (Thoth.) A.S.Deshpande & Maslin.
A lectotype has been selected for Acacia pennata var. canescens Graham ex Kurz (=Senegalia pennata (L.) Maslin).